About Mockito

Mockito is an open source unit testing framework for Java. Most notably, it provides the tools you need to generate and inspect state of, mock objects that can be passed in to fulfill the dependencies of the system under test.

Using Mockito with Javalin

The only caveat to using Mockito with Javalin is that, at least some of, Javalin’s classes are final, One of the first places you’ll usually notice this is when you attempt to mock a Context object being passed into your http handlers.

Example project: https://gitlab.com/stuAtGit/javalinmockitoexample

Example error you’ll see if you don’t enable InlineMockMaker

java.lang.NullPointerException
	at io.javalin.http.Context.status(Context.kt:386)
	at com.shareplaylearn.httphandlers.TeapotRequestHandler.handleBrewCoffee(TeapotRequestHandler.java:47)
	at TeapotRequestHandlerTest.handleBrewCoffee(TeapotRequestHandlerTest.java:21)

This happens because, although you tried to mock the context object, say by doing this:

Context context = mock(Context.class);

The Context class is final, so the mock silently fails, and creates a real Context() object, which then fails due to missing dependencies. *I think*

TLDR

So the TLDR; version of this tutorial is that you can use Mockito (2 or greater) as you would with any other framework, but, until the classes are made non-final, you’ll need to follow this: https://github.com/mockito/mockito/wiki/What%27s-new-in-Mockito-2#unmockable in order to mock them. What the mockito link tells you do do is add the file src/test/resources/mockito-extensions/org.mockito.plugins.MockMaker to your source tree (this is assuming a standard maven-like source tree), and place the string: mock-maker-inline in that final. Nothing else should be in that file. More details:

Tutorial: a.k.a I’ve got the time for details!

A basic step-by-step look at how to make this happen:

  • First, create a Java project, using your favoured approach.

  • Then, add whatever unit test runner you prefer, as long as it’s compatible with Mockito 2. I’d suggest JUnit 5 (Jupiter).

  • Then, add mockito 2 or greater as a dependency:

<!-- https://mvnrepository.com/artifact/org.mockito/mockito-core -->
<dependency>
    <groupId>org.mockito</groupId>
    <artifactId>mockito-core</artifactId>
    <version>3.1.0</version>
    <scope>test</scope>
</dependency>
  • Then, add the file. If you’re using Intellij, you can right-click on your test folder, select New->File, and then copy & paste the string resources/mockito-extensions/org.mockito.plugins.MockMaker into the dialog box. Select Text as the file type if asked by Intellij.

  • Then, open the file you just created. Copy & paste the line mock-maker-inline into that file, and save it.

  • Now, write your tests as normal. Example test:

@Test
public void handleBrewCoffee() {
    Context context = mock(Context.class);
    this.teapotRequestHandler.handleBrewCoffee(context);
    verify(context).status(418);
    verify(context).result("I'm a teapot!");
}
  • If something didn’t work, try looking at this example project as a reference: https://gitlab.com/stuAtGit/javalinmockitoexample

What does putting this MockMaker file in my source tree do to my code?

The presence of a file with the given name & content tells the mockito framework to enable a different mock creator factory that can create mock objects on final classes: https://github.com/mockito/mockito/pull/648.

The one known caveat to enabling this mock factory is that you can no longer mock native methods.